Introspection and Reflection in Python

Introspection and Reflection in Python

Problem: You wa nt to u ndersta nd the concepts of introspection a nd reflection n prog ramm ing and determ ine if Python supports these features.
Solution:Introspection (or reflection) is the ability of a prog ramming language to examine, analyze, and manipu late its own structu res and objects at runtime. Python strongly su pports introspection, wh ich means you ca n inspect and manipulate various aspects of objects, classes, and mod u les during ru ntime.
Here are some ways Python supports introspection:
Getting Object Type: You can use the type() function to determine the type of an object.

Getting Object's Attributes: The dir() function allows you to retrieve the attributes and methods of an object.

Inspecting Documentation: You can access docstrings using the .__doc__attribute.

Getting Object's Base Classes: The .__bases__ attribute helps inspect the base classes of a class.

Dynamic Module Import:Python allows dynamic module import using
importlib or __import__.

Dynamic Function/Class Creation: You can dynamically create functions and classes using type() and metaprogramming techniques.

Checking for Attributes: The hasattr() function checks if an object has a specific attribute or method.

Callable Check: The callable() function verifies if an object can be called like a function.

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